OREAS 233

OREAS 233 was prepared from a blend of gold-bearing ore and barren greenstone. The ore was sourced from the Frogs Leg Gold Mine located 19km west of Kalgoorlie in Western Australia. The Cambrian greenstone was sourced from a quarry 145km north of Melbourne, Australia.
Thirty-one commercial analytical laboratories participated in the program to certify the elements shown below. The following methods were employed:

  • Gold by fire assay (15-40g charge weight) with AAS, ICP-OES or ICP-MS finish (31 laboratories);
  • Gold by aqua regia digestion (15-50g sample weight) with ICP-MS, AAS or ICP-OES finish (22 laboratories);
  • Gold by cyanide leach (20-200g) via a variety of cyanide leach methods (LeachWELL tablets, alkaline added sodium cyanide solution and sodium cyanide liquor with LeachWELL powder) with ICP or AAS finish (20 laboratories);
  • Gold by x-ray photon assay on ~350g sample weights using 4 Chrysos PhotonAssay machines at 3 laboratories. Multiple rounds of data (comprising three or six replicates) were generated by different staff from 3 of the machines;
  • Full ICP-OES and ICP-MS elemental suites by aqua regia digestion (up to 25 laboratories depending on the element);
  • Full ICP-OES and ICP-MS elemental suites by 4-acid (HNO3-HF-HClO4-HCl) digestion (up to 25 laboratories depending on the element).
Analyte Certified Value 1SD 95% Confidence Low 95% Confidence High Method
Au, Gold (ppm) 1.05 0.029 1.05 1.06 Pb Fire Assay
Au, Gold (ppm) 0.992 0.036 0.976 1.008 Aqua Regia Digestion (sample weights 10-50g)
Au, Gold (ppm) 1.03 0.041 1.01 1.05 Cyanide Leach
Au, Gold (ppm) 1.000 0.044 0.891 1.109 X-ray Photon Assay
Ag, Silver (ppm) 0.285 0.028 0.272 0.298 Aqua Regia Digestion
Al, Aluminium (wt.%) 3.45 0.145 3.38 3.51 Aqua Regia Digestion
As, Arsenic (ppm) 47.4 2.67 46.4 48.5 Aqua Regia Digestion
B, Boron (ppm) 20.2 2.5 17.8 22.6 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ba, Barium (ppm) 26.2 2.27 25.1 27.3 Aqua Regia Digestion
Be, Beryllium (ppm) 0.23 0.014 0.22 0.24 Aqua Regia Digestion
Bi, Bismuth (ppm) 0.040 0.004 0.039 0.042 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ca, Calcium (wt.%) 2.75 0.398 2.56 2.93 Aqua Regia Digestion
Cd, Cadmium (ppm) 0.50 0.023 0.49 0.51 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ce, Cerium (ppm) 8.97 0.467 8.76 9.19 Aqua Regia Digestion
Co, Cobalt (ppm) 29.8 1.50 29.2 30.4 Aqua Regia Digestion
Cr, Chromium (ppm) 19.1 1.53 18.4 19.8 Aqua Regia Digestion
Cs, Caesium (ppm) 0.58 0.031 0.56 0.60 Aqua Regia Digestion
Cu, Copper (ppm) 162 7 159 164 Aqua Regia Digestion
Dy, Dysprosium (ppm) 2.18 0.28 1.94 2.42 Aqua Regia Digestion
Er, Erbium (ppm) 1.28 0.17 1.13 1.42 Aqua Regia Digestion
Eu, Europium (ppm) 0.39 0.031 0.35 0.44 Aqua Regia Digestion
Fe, Iron (wt.%) 5.58 0.227 5.47 5.68 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ga, Gallium (ppm) 10.2 0.79 9.9 10.6 Aqua Regia Digestion
Gd, Gadolinium (ppm) 1.95 0.192 1.74 2.16 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ge, Germanium (ppm) 0.11 0.03 0.08 0.14 Aqua Regia Digestion
Hf, Hafnium (ppm) 0.51 0.06 0.47 0.54 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ho, Holmium (ppm) 0.42 0.05 0.38 0.47 Aqua Regia Digestion
In, Indium (ppm) 0.032 0.003 0.030 0.033 Aqua Regia Digestion
K, Potassium (wt.%) 0.120 0.010 0.115 0.124 Aqua Regia Digestion
La, Lanthanum (ppm) 3.83 0.149 3.77 3.89 Aqua Regia Digestion
Li, Lithium (ppm) 10.2 0.74 9.8 10.6 Aqua Regia Digestion
Lu, Lutetium (ppm) 0.15 0.02 0.14 0.17 Aqua Regia Digestion
Mg, Magnesium (wt.%) 1.65 0.058 1.62 1.67 Aqua Regia Digestion
Mn, Manganese (wt.%) 0.075 0.005 0.072 0.077 Aqua Regia Digestion
Mo, Molybdenum (ppm) 0.83 0.042 0.81 0.85 Aqua Regia Digestion
Na, Sodium (wt.%) 0.197 0.013 0.192 0.203 Aqua Regia Digestion
Nd, Neodymium (ppm) 5.63 0.59 5.13 6.13 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ni, Nickel (ppm) 56 3.8 55 58 Aqua Regia Digestion
P, Phosphorus (wt.%) 0.038 0.003 0.037 0.039 Aqua Regia Digestion
Pb, Lead (ppm) 20.9 1.12 20.4 21.4 Aqua Regia Digestion
Pr, Praseodymium (ppm) 1.23 0.111 1.10 1.35 Aqua Regia Digestion
Pt, Platinum (ppb) 14.5 1.1 13.9 15.2 Aqua Regia Digestion
Rb, Rubidium (ppm) 5.05 0.357 4.88 5.23 Aqua Regia Digestion
Re, Rhenium (ppm) 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.002 Aqua Regia Digestion
S, Sulphur (wt.%) 0.320 0.026 0.308 0.331 Aqua Regia Digestion
Sb, Antimony (ppm) 0.58 0.18 0.49 0.66 Aqua Regia Digestion
Sc, Scandium (ppm) 5.45 0.327 5.28 5.63 Aqua Regia Digestion
Sm, Samarium (ppm) 1.51 0.066 1.43 1.58 Aqua Regia Digestion
Sn, Tin (ppm) 0.61 0.10 0.55 0.66 Aqua Regia Digestion
Sr, Strontium (ppm) 33.8 3.5 32.1 35.4 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ta, Tantalum (ppm) < 0.010 IND IND IND Aqua Regia Digestion
Tb, Terbium (ppm) 0.33 0.028 0.31 0.35 Aqua Regia Digestion
Te, Tellurium (ppm) 0.083 0.011 0.079 0.087 Aqua Regia Digestion
Th, Thorium (ppm) 0.68 0.07 0.65 0.72 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ti, Titanium (wt.%) 0.313 0.054 0.289 0.338 Aqua Regia Digestion
Tl, Thallium (ppm) 0.097 0.008 0.093 0.100 Aqua Regia Digestion
Tm, Thulium (ppm) 0.18 0.02 0.15 0.20 Aqua Regia Digestion
U, Uranium (ppm) 0.17 0.011 0.16 0.17 Aqua Regia Digestion
V, Vanadium (ppm) 139 21 129 149 Aqua Regia Digestion
W, Tungsten (ppm) 18.2 2.7 17.0 19.5 Aqua Regia Digestion
Y, Yttrium (ppm) 11.9 0.98 11.4 12.3 Aqua Regia Digestion
Yb, Ytterbium (ppm) 1.19 0.18 1.05 1.34 Aqua Regia Digestion
Zn, Zinc (ppm) 116 4 114 117 Aqua Regia Digestion
Zr, Zirconium (ppm) 16.8 1.09 16.2 17.4 Aqua Regia Digestion
Ag, Silver (ppm) 0.295 0.016 0.288 0.301 4-Acid Digestion
Al, Aluminium (wt.%) 6.97 0.206 6.89 7.06 4-Acid Digestion
As, Arsenic (ppm) 46.8 2.79 45.6 48.0 4-Acid Digestion
Ba, Barium (ppm) 129 4 128 131 4-Acid Digestion
Be, Beryllium (ppm) 0.39 0.028 0.38 0.40 4-Acid Digestion
Bi, Bismuth (ppm) 0.042 0.007 0.038 0.046 4-Acid Digestion
Ca, Calcium (wt.%) 7.10 0.396 6.94 7.26 4-Acid Digestion
Cd, Cadmium (ppm) 0.52 0.040 0.50 0.54 4-Acid Digestion
Ce, Cerium (ppm) 11.9 0.64 11.6 12.1 4-Acid Digestion
Co, Cobalt (ppm) 42.0 2.84 40.8 43.2 4-Acid Digestion
Cr, Chromium (ppm) 118 11 113 123 4-Acid Digestion
Cs, Caesium (ppm) 0.79 0.048 0.76 0.82 4-Acid Digestion
Cu, Copper (ppm) 162 6 160 164 4-Acid Digestion
Dy, Dysprosium (ppm) 3.69 0.164 3.60 3.78 4-Acid Digestion
Er, Erbium (ppm) 2.24 0.113 2.17 2.31 4-Acid Digestion
Eu, Europium (ppm) 0.89 0.025 0.87 0.91 4-Acid Digestion
Fe, Iron (wt.%) 7.72 0.272 7.61 7.83 4-Acid Digestion
Ga, Gallium (ppm) 15.1 0.74 14.8 15.4 4-Acid Digestion
Gd, Gadolinium (ppm) 3.16 0.288 2.99 3.33 4-Acid Digestion
Hf, Hafnium (ppm) 1.61 0.106 1.56 1.66 4-Acid Digestion
Ho, Holmium (ppm) 0.79 0.059 0.74 0.83 4-Acid Digestion
In, Indium (ppm) 0.073 0.006 0.071 0.075 4-Acid Digestion
K, Potassium (wt.%) 0.370 0.017 0.363 0.377 4-Acid Digestion
La, Lanthanum (ppm) 4.92 0.288 4.79 5.05 4-Acid Digestion
Li, Lithium (ppm) 11.2 0.46 11.0 11.4 4-Acid Digestion
Lu, Lutetium (ppm) 0.32 0.022 0.30 0.34 4-Acid Digestion
Mg, Magnesium (wt.%) 3.76 0.139 3.70 3.82 4-Acid Digestion
Mn, Manganese (wt.%) 0.134 0.004 0.132 0.136 4-Acid Digestion
Mo, Molybdenum (ppm) 0.92 0.09 0.89 0.96 4-Acid Digestion
Na, Sodium (wt.%) 1.73 0.065 1.70 1.75 4-Acid Digestion
Nb, Niobium (ppm) 3.31 0.233 3.20 3.41 4-Acid Digestion
Nd, Neodymium (ppm) 7.89 0.296 7.73 8.06 4-Acid Digestion
Ni, Nickel (ppm) 86 5.0 83 88 4-Acid Digestion
P, Phosphorus (wt.%) 0.040 0.002 0.039 0.041 4-Acid Digestion
Pb, Lead (ppm) 21.3 1.17 20.8 21.8 4-Acid Digestion
Pr, Praseodymium (ppm) 1.65 0.082 1.61 1.70 4-Acid Digestion
Rb, Rubidium (ppm) 10.9 0.60 10.6 11.1 4-Acid Digestion
S, Sulphur (wt.%) 0.319 0.024 0.309 0.329 4-Acid Digestion
Sb, Antimony (ppm) 1.10 0.095 1.05 1.14 4-Acid Digestion
Sc, Scandium (ppm) 39.6 2.28 38.6 40.6 4-Acid Digestion
Sm, Samarium (ppm) 2.38 0.165 2.29 2.46 4-Acid Digestion
Sn, Tin (ppm) 0.95 0.15 0.87 1.02 4-Acid Digestion
Sr, Strontium (ppm) 175 7 172 177 4-Acid Digestion
Ta, Tantalum (ppm) 0.23 0.04 0.21 0.25 4-Acid Digestion
Tb, Terbium (ppm) 0.55 0.049 0.52 0.58 4-Acid Digestion
Te, Tellurium (ppm) 0.091 0.014 0.085 0.097 4-Acid Digestion
Th, Thorium (ppm) 0.84 0.046 0.82 0.86 4-Acid Digestion
Ti, Titanium (wt.%) 0.595 0.021 0.586 0.604 4-Acid Digestion
Tl, Thallium (ppm) 0.18 0.011 0.18 0.19 4-Acid Digestion
Tm, Thulium (ppm) 0.33 0.015 0.32 0.33 4-Acid Digestion
U, Uranium (ppm) 0.25 0.017 0.23 0.26 4-Acid Digestion
V, Vanadium (ppm) 270 11 265 274 4-Acid Digestion
W, Tungsten (ppm) 26.3 1.96 25.4 27.1 4-Acid Digestion
Y, Yttrium (ppm) 19.8 1.01 19.4 20.2 4-Acid Digestion
Yb, Ytterbium (ppm) 2.21 0.094 2.16 2.26 4-Acid Digestion
Zn, Zinc (ppm) 128 7 125 131 4-Acid Digestion
Zr, Zirconium (ppm) 52 4.5 50 53 4-Acid Digestion
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